NOTE: updated on Jun 28, 2014 to reflect kernel 3.15.2
Although Reiser4 file system support is non-existent in a regular GNU/Linux Debian distribution, I will be describing below how I patched a pristine Linux kernel to support that experimental file system. Additionally, we will be formatting a partition in reiser4 using Debian reiser4progs utilities. Thus, we deduce that it is possible to backup and/or copy the data of an existing root partition into an ephemeral place holder, format the existing partition in reiser4, then copy over our data; it works as long as we have a separate /boot partition because GRUB does not currently support booting from reiser4. Notwithstanding, tweaking Grub97 (legacy) it is possible to boot from a reiser4 partition by patching the grub97 source. Lastly, as we are building upon our previous Debian kernel work, we will end up with aufs3 and docker.io support in our kernel .
you probably know, all other file systems implement only a
transaction model. That is, they all are either only journalling
(ext3/4, ReiserFS(v3), XFS, jfs, ...), or only "write-anywhere"
(ZFS, Btrfs, etc)...
Cool! We will be downloading a pristine Linux kernel 3.15.2 from kernel.org
If you have not, wielding root privilege install you build development packages:
We create a working directory tlacauhtli (space of place, in Nahuatl) relative to /usr/src/build/, and we proceed to change directory into it:
and fetch into our tlacauhtli-3.15.2 directory the desired Linux kernel and signature files:
And then we proceed to verify our kernel:
gpg: Signature made Thu 26 Jun 2014 12:18:31 PM PDT using RSA key ID 6092693E
gpg: Good signature from "Greg Kroah-Hartman (Linux kernel stable release signing key) <firstname.lastname@example.org>"
gpg: WARNING: This key is not certified with a trusted signature!
gpg: There is no indication that the signature belongs to the owner.
Primary key fingerprint: 647F 2865 4894 E3BD 4571 99BE 38DB BDC8 6092 693E
We create -- and change into -- a build directory:
We git clone aufs3 standalone, cd into newly created directory, and git checkout origin -- making sure we reference the kernel minor version number, i.e., 3.15:
Note: checking out 'origin/aufs3.15'.
You are in 'detached HEAD' state. You can look around, make experimental
changes and commit them, and you can discard any commits you make in this
state without impacting any branches by performing another checkout.
If you want to create a new branch to retain commits you create, you may
do so (now or later) by using -b with the checkout command again. Example:
git checkout -b new_branch_name
HEAD is now at 055bc89... aufs3.15 20140623
And create subdirectories to stage our aufs3 patch for our kernel:
make sure directive 16 above is executed, else you should specify 'no' when prompted, subsequently, by the patch utility whether it should replace Kbuild in your linux kernel tree.
We are ready to create our aufs3 patch for our kernel:
we change directories to the linux kernel source and apply our newly created aufs.patch:
Applying Reiser4 patch to our Linux kernel source tree.
We assume that we will be applying our patches from our current linux-3.15.2 directory.
There is a patch set that a SuSE GNU/Linux engineer, Jeff Mahoney, published at the reiser4 mail list. It consists of 29 patches which I saved into a specific directory -- renaming each patch as mahoney_1.patch to mahoney_29.patch -- and subsequently applied with the directives:
for convenience, I make available Mahoney's archive used in above command as Mahoney-patch-set.zip or please make your own from the link mentioned previously.1
for ease of description we assumed above that the patch set is at the ~/temp/ directory but adjust for your unique situation.
Analyzing the patch -lp1 directive in the command above, the option l or --ignore-whitespace is necessary to prevent the following issue issue when applying mahoney_3.patch (i.e., 03/29):
Hunk #80 FAILED at 3145.
Hunk #101 FAILED at 3677.
2 out of 126 hunks FAILED -- saving rejects to file fs/reiserfs/journal.c.rej
For additional details, please type man patch directive at your command prompt.
Below is the sample output from additional issue experienced when applying mahoney_3.patch (i.e., 03/29):
patching file fs/reiserfs/bitmap.c
patching file fs/reiserfs/dir.c
Hunk #4 succeeded at 143 with fuzz 2 (offset 1 line).
Hunk #5 succeeded at 163 (offset 1 line).
Hunk #6 succeeded at 191 (offset 1 line).
Hunk #7 FAILED at 218.
Hunk #8 succeeded at 231 (offset 2 lines).
Hunk #9 succeeded at 274 (offset 2 lines).
1 out of 9 hunks FAILED -- saving rejects to file fs/reiserfs/dir.c.rej
patching file fs/reiserfs/do_balan.c
patching file fs/reiserfs/file.c
patching file fs/reiserfs/fix_node.c
patching file fs/reiserfs/hashes.c
patching file fs/reiserfs/ibalance.c
patching file fs/reiserfs/inode.c
patching file fs/reiserfs/ioctl.c
patching file fs/reiserfs/item_ops.c
patching file fs/reiserfs/journal.c
patching file fs/reiserfs/lbalance.c
patching file fs/reiserfs/namei.c
patching file fs/reiserfs/objectid.c
patching file fs/reiserfs/prints.c
patching file fs/reiserfs/reiserfs.h
Hunk #76 succeeded at 3376 (offset 1 line).
patching file fs/reiserfs/resize.c
patching file fs/reiserfs/stree.c
patching file fs/reiserfs/super.c
Hunk #1 succeeded at 153 (offset -1 lines).
Hunk #2 succeeded at 284 (offset -1 lines).
Hunk #3 succeeded at 307 (offset -1 lines).
Hunk #4 succeeded at 327 (offset -1 lines).
Hunk #5 succeeded at 382 (offset -1 lines).
Hunk #6 succeeded at 541 (offset -1 lines).
Hunk #7 succeeded at 555 (offset -1 lines).
Hunk #8 succeeded at 650 (offset -1 lines).
Hunk #9 succeeded at 805 (offset -1 lines).
Hunk #10 succeeded at 872 (offset -1 lines).
Hunk #11 succeeded at 905 (offset -1 lines).
Hunk #12 succeeded at 938 (offset -1 lines).
Hunk #13 succeeded at 1006 (offset -1 lines).
Hunk #14 succeeded at 1046 (offset -1 lines).
Hunk #15 succeeded at 1069 (offset -1 lines).
Hunk #16 succeeded at 1117 (offset -1 lines).
Hunk #17 succeeded at 1173 (offset -1 lines).
patching file fs/reiserfs/tail_conversion.c
patching file fs/reiserfs/xattr.c
patching file fs/reiserfs/xattr.h
patching file fs/reiserfs/xattr_acl.c
Thus, at fs/reiserfs/dir.c
Mahoney's 03/29 patch does not match comment text string:
// next entry should be looked for with such offset
instead, we have comment text string of the form:
/* deh_offset(deh) may be invalid now. */
Thus, after close examination, we may conclude that we may disregard this single 'hunks FAILED' and continue with the application of the official reiser4 patch. Or you may wait for Linux kernel 3.16 -- as Mahoney states it has incorporated his patch set.
We proceed to download the reiser4 gzip compressed patch from Reiser4 file system for Linux OS SourceForge site. Download the newest version for your kernel major and minor version, i.e., currently kernel major version is 3 and minor version is 14. (Yes, this patch can still be used for our Linux kernel 3.15.2).
For ease of illustrating the procedure, I assume downloaded patch is at ~/temp/ directory location -- but modify directive below to suit your specific circumstances:
The patch should apply without issues into our Linux kernel 3.15.2 source tree. Since I am building upon previously built AUFS3 + cgroups/docker.io enabled kernel built as described in previous post, Debian: (Revisited) Patching Linux Kernel 3.14 To Enable Aufs3.13 Mod and CGROUPS for Docker, I will be importing it's config into my linux-3.15.2 directory prior to building my kernel.
Searching for text string 'reiser4' we can see in the sample snapshot below that we may enable the reiser4 feature as a (m)odule -- visually shown by a small dot inside the selection box:
Or we may enable the reiser4 feature by integrating it into the kernel -- visually shown (once we doble-click on the option) by a small check mark inside the selection box:
Note: if this is the very first time you will be hacking your root partition to reiser4, you may want to use this latter option -- especially if your original root partition is btrfs-formated.
We save our modifications -- if any -- and we Do:
Once more, I proceed to build my kernel: Xonecuiltzin6 which prefixed with a leading dot, I provide as an argument to --append-to-version in the directive that follows:
Indeed, I provide aufs3+cgroup+reiser4x as an argument to --stem because I want to know the main reason for my kernel customization (where x is reiser4 feature for either module or incorporated into the kernel). Additionally, I provide 8 as an argument to -j. Eight(8) represents the number of threads I wish to launch, hence I make it equal to the number of cores in my machine where I am building the kernel -- for optimum performance during compilation.
Formatting a Reiser4 Partition Under Debian
In Debian, wielding root privilege, we install administration utilities for the Reiser4 filesystem:
We are now ready to format a disk and/or partition in the Reiser4 filesystem.
Thus, assuming we want to format an existing partition referenced by /dev/sda11 and...
boot off the Reiser4 partition, i.e., the kernel (usually a file in /boot) is actually located on a Reiser4 partition
Copyright (C) 2001-2005 by Hans Reiser, licensing governed by reiser4progs/COPYING.
Overriding the plugin profile by "create=reg40".
Block size 4096 will be used.
Linux 3.14.4.tezcatlipoca is detected.
Uuid 76fbdf79-19ff-4231-ba02-79f80301aaa4 will be used.
Reiser4 is going to be created on /dev/sda11.
Creating reiser4 on /dev/sda11 ... done
...And Patching and Building Legacy Grub97
If on AMD64 architecture, proceed to install ia32-libs support7:
(But note below)
Package ia32-libs is not available, but is referred to by another package.
This may mean that the package is missing, has been obsoleted, or
is only available from another source
However the following packages replace it:
Now, since current GRUB does no support booting from a Reiser4 partition, we will be hacking legacy grub97 with a legacy Reiser4 patch. We will need to download the following legacy resources:
For convenience, I include those resources in a zip archive available as legacy-grub-reiser4.zip; but feel free to go and fish for them in the wild Internet if you feel adventurous
We setup our environment at the command line.
Since I am in a Debian for AMD64 environment, I do:
and proceed to set my other build environment variables:
evidently we will need to wield root privilege to write to our target directory: /opt/grub-r4.
In Nahuatl, Mexico's language par excellence, tekitl means work or task; thus we create a relative grub-tekitl working directory:
I am assuming that you downloaded my zip archive available as legacy-grub-reiser4.zip in your home ~/temp/ directory. Use unzip utility to decompress:
You will find a newly created legacy-grub-reiser4/ directory at your current directory location, i.e., grub-tekitl/legacy-grub-reiser4, with the five(5) file resources you will need to operate further:
We move legacy-grub-reiser4/* content to our current directory:
and untar and extract its *gz files:
we will find that we have three(3) newly created directories:
Snapshot below is a summary of what we did:
And we change into libaal-1.0.5/ directory to operate upon
again, the last directive will require you to acquire root or super user privilege. Subsequently analyzing recursively the target directory with:
and we continue by changing directory to reiser4progs-1.0.5/ relative to our current location:
After executing last directive wielding root or super user privilege, we examine our target directory with a recursive listing, once more:
Finally we change to grub-0.97/ directory and apply grub_0.97-59.diff into our grub-97 source tree; we follow by applying the Grub-0.97-libaal-1.0.5-reiser4progs-1.0.5.patch. Subsequently we add a CFLAGS prefix to our configure command directive prior to executing make, as sequence is shown below:
The sequence should end without errors.
We list the contents in stage2/ directory which end in *1_5 followed by a du directive to estimate its file space usage
64K stage2/reiser4_stage1_5 must be there:
please see sample screenshot below:
Notice that the ./configure --prefix= target that we used was /opt/usr. Were we to actually install our build of Reiser4-patched Grub97-59 above, we would have selected as target the /usr directory in our Debian distribution.
Were I, wielding root or super user privilege, proceeded to install legacy Reiser4-patched Grub97-59 at /opt/usr with:
shown below is what one would expect to install and/or replace if the target had been /usr:
On the other hand...
If you have a separate partition for /boot (e.g. a (readonly-mounted) ext2 partition at the beginning of your disk) and your root-filesystem is on a ReiserFS/Reiser4 partition, you only need to make sure that ReiserFS/Reiser4 support is enabled in your kernel - but that's true for every filesystem and has nothing to to with the bootloader.
You do not need to build and patch Grub-97; neither may you care about avoiding the default compression during Reiser4 file system creation.
All you would care is about having an intermediate place holder partition to hold your data temporarily, format your partition or disk with Reiser4, and then copy back your data. You may use copy command to and from the target disk or partition:
Be forewarned that depending on the quantity of data you are operating upon it may take a (long) while for the operations to complete.
And yes you will need to modify your Debian /boot/grub/grub.cfg configuration as well as its /etc/fstab file to reflect its partition(s) UUID change due to creation of Reiser4 file system -- at the very least.
6 Xonecuiltzin is another name by which Tezcatlipoca -- and Cuauhtemoc which began my first of these three blog posts -- is known to the Mexicah.
By word of mouth we are told that after the Spanish invaders tortured Cuauhtemoc by severely burning his feet, the last Mexicah Tlatoani ('Speaker' or ruler) 'was never able to walk well'. Having failed to make Cuauhtemoc reveal where Moctezuma's treasure was hidden, his Spanish torturers let him go and as Cuauhtemoc painfully descended a stairway, a Spaniard pushed him. As he collapsed, Cuauhtemoc lost three(3) feathers.
Today, many Mexicah dancers honor him, Cuauhtemoc, a.k.a. Xonecuiltzin (The Crippled≈El Chueco) by burning three(3) feathers in copalli, i.e., incense.
7 Debian wiki: Multiarch Implementation.
10. "grub" 0.97-59 source package in Debian "oldstable"; alternatively search from fileWatcher - The File Search Engine
DISCLAIMER although due diligence has been applied, this resource is made available for testing/evaluation purposes on an AS IS basis. The procedure only reflects my own modifications, my limited testing, and the potential user who executes the procedures assumes all risks.
Please do not hold me or Metztli Information Technology (and/or its associates) responsible if the information provided here does not achieve the desired result. The information is provided AS IS and with the hope that it may be useful to the Internet community --especially those interested in Reiser4 support on Debian.
Notwithstanding, There is no implicit or explicit guarantee that the information presented here is accurate --even though due diligence was exercised during the procedure. Accordingly, if an user(s) decide to implement the procedure or shell commands described here she, he, or them, do so at her, his, or their own risk. You have been forewarned.